Archive for the 'Feline illnesses' Category

03.12.2010

Medical Reasons for a Cat’s Licking

Author: breeder

Why do we sometimes capture pictures of licking cats? In the first place, why do cats lick themselves? Cats developed the habit of licking to be clean, to get rid of fleas, to stay cool, to absorb Vitamin D and to release their stress. If a cat is licking excessively and is causing a health problem, you may need to take kitty to a veterinarian the soonest.

Several medical reasons for a cat’s licking:

• It could be a neuropathy problem – wherein the nerve is receiving a signal from the brain which tells the cat to lick.
• It could be a brain perception disorder – what is known as encephalitis, or a soft tissue or bone inflammation problem, or an allergic disease.
• It could be a symptom of a disease such as feline leukemia – this is when cats become anemic and lick odd things such as window panes, walls, or cement walks
• It is a sign that they are infested with cat parasites such as fleas – you need to bathe cats occasionally. Use a flea shampoo to kill fleas and remove dander that can cause human allergies.
• It could also be an allergic reaction – especially when they can inhale lots of allergens. It has been estimated that thirty five percent of all cats suffer from food allergies. Read the rest of this entry »

One of the cleanest and most domesticated animals you can raise at home is a cat. Like any other pets, cat health concerns are something you should pay attention to. With proper care and application of healthy tips, surely you can extend your cat pet’s life. 

Even though most of the cats are independent and strong in nature, they still need help from their owner to stay healthy, clean and fit. It is very important to maintain good hygienic order of your pet to keep them away from sickness and health issues. Here are some effective ways you can implement to raise your cat healthy and keep cat health issues away from you and your cat:

1.) Exercise – this is the best way to keep your cat healthy. Provide your cat some toys and proper cat scratching post or something like rolled up sock or small ball to roll around. This will keep your pet amused, especially if they are just staying indoors.

2.) Food – although they are just considered pet, cats should be given proper food. It is always good to give them access to fresh water and nutritious food. Cats love to eat canned foods than dry ones. Avoid feeding your cat with foods that will cause them to gain skin diseases or allergies.

3.)  View and access – pet cats, especially those who are staying indoors love to look out the windows and watch what’s outside. Clear some spot or make a small platform in front of your cat’s favorite window for them to stay in and have easy access to the view outside.

4.) Safe environment – cat’s health is not just all about proper feeding, but also clean and harmless environment. Safely store away any toxic materials that may harm your cat or other pets. Keep table scraps to a minimum and pay attention to indoor plants that you may have put inside the house – some may be poisonous to cats.

5.) Medication – to maintain good health, your cat needs other medication support like vaccinations because even a healthy cat may get sick. Also, have your cats checked by the vet to ensure that they are in good condition.

6.) Apparels – your cat must have litter, a litter box, food dish and water dish which should be regularly cleaned-up. Although they stay inside, provide your cat an ID collar, just in case your cat gets lost.

7.) Brushing – it’s not necessary to bathe your cat often.  You can brush the coat of your cat at least once a day to keep your pet clean. It will also reduce the risk of hairballs and keep their coat nice. 
Cat Health Concerns - Free Pet Cat
There are still more tips on how to raise your cat healthy. It’s a good practice to apply such effective guidelines in order to keep your pet more appealing not only to you but also for others who might come across your pet. Pictures of cats may be taken by your guests and it is such a shame if others notice that you have cat health concerns. So keep them attractive with these easy to follow health tips.

29.07.2008

External Cat Parasites

Author: breeder

Learn how to recognize external cat parasites and how to control them

Be prepared for cat parasites. Fleas are without question the most significant cat parasites afflicting felines. Fleas can cause life-endangering anemia, particularly in severely infested kittens, and host one of the major tapeworms that infect cats.

Fleas can also transmit plague, a potentially fatal infection caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis, most commonly from infected rodents and rabbits to cats and humans.

Rarely, fleas transmit the disease from cat to cat or from cats to other species, including humans and dogs. Although plague is not common in cats, numbers of feline cases, as well as cat-associated human cases, have been on the rise since 1977 in the western United States.

But as far as the cat is concerned, probably the most bothersome problem associated with fleas is flea-bite hypersensitivity, an allergic reaction to flea saliva. For the unfortunate cat that suffers from this disorder, just a few flea bites are often enough to cause a severe skin reaction. Common signs of flea-bite hypersensitivity are itchy skin, scabby bumps, and hair loss-but these signs are not always exhibited, and other diseases can have the same symptoms.

The only solution for such cats is to prevent fleas from coming near them. This is usually a simple matter if your only pets are cats-keep them indoors-but can be a difficult task for many households with dogs. Anti-inflammatory medications can be very helpful, but they are not a cure. They must be given as long as the cat is exposed to fleas, and they can sometimes produce harmful side effects when used long-term.

By parting the fur, you may be able to see these small, brownish, wingless insects running about. If the infestation is fairly light, fleas may be impossible to spot on the coat, but flea dirt (droppings)-which looks like tiny black pepper flakes-confirms their presence. To find flea dirt, thoroughly comb the coat with a flea comb and look for black flecks entrapped in the teeth of the comb. If you can’t tell if the black material is flea dirt or just debris, take a fleck or two and place it on a damp paper towel; if a red halo forms around the fleck, it is flea dirt.

To control flea infestation, you must treat the environment as well as all the animals in the household. There are many safe, effective, and easily administered flea products available from veterinarians. Convenient monthly treatments given orally or applied to a small area of the skin are a boon to pet owners because they eliminate fleas not only from their pets for a month at a time but from the indoor environment as well. This is especially important in households where family members (often children) have an allergic reaction to flea bites.

Make certain that any over-the-counter products you use are labeled specifically for use in cats, as some dog products may not be safe for cats, and follow the directions carefully. Never apply a flea product unless you can monitor the cat closely for at least several hours after administration, and do not use more than one product at a time.

Cat parasites – Ticks

Ticks are small parasites that bury their heads in the skin of their hosts and suck blood until they look like fat, gray or brown beans. When the ticks can’t hold any more blood, they fall off the host and lay thousands of eggs. Heavy tick infestations, rare in cats, can cause anemia as well as skin irritations and infections. It has not been proven that cats can get Lyme disease from ticks.

Other external cat parasites that can cause skin disease in cats are several species of Cheyletiella mites (large, oval, blimplike parasites visible as small white specks that cause an itchy skin disease known as cheyletiellosis, or “walking dandruff “), plus a number of other species of mites and lice (small, flat, wingless biting parasites that cause itchiness, hair loss, and dandruff). Correct diagnosis and treatment ensure successful management of problems from external cat parasites.

16.07.2008

The Flea Life Cycle

Author: breeder

The Flea Life Cycle

Fleas have complex life cycles and pass through several stages of development as they mature from egg to adult. A female flea will lay up to 20 eggs at a time, which hatch alter several days to a couple of weeks. The larvae that emerge continue to grow and molt a couple of times over the next two weeks to six months.

Alter the final molt, the larvae spin cocoons around themselves in which they metamorphose into adult fleas. If necessary, the cocoon can protect the flea for many months, but at just the right time-usually determined by temperature and physical pressure or motion – the flea emerges from the cocoon, ready to jump on your cat or you. It then feeds on the blood of its host.

Warmth (temperatures between 60°F and 90°F or 15°C and 32°C) and relative humidity (between 65 and 85 percent) favor the flea life cycle; warm, humid areas such as the southern United States are notorious for the severity of their flea problem.

flea

Feline toxoplasmosis – prevent infection!

Feline toxoplasmosis afflicts cats that either ingest raw meat or prey that contains the microscopic parasite Toxpoplasma gondii or that ingest material contaminated with the stool of an infected cat.

Kittens can become infected in the womb and die before birth. The stage of the parasite shed in the feces of infected cats is very hardy and can survive outdoors in soil for many months.

Although infection is fairly common in felines, most cats do not get sick. Young cats are at the highest risk; symptoms include fever, loss of appetite, lethargy, diarrhea, and weight loss. Pneumonia, liver disease, and infection of the central nervous system are more devastating possibilities; many afflicted cats do not survive. However, infection involving just the eyes often can be managed successfully.

Toxoplasmosis also poses a serious health risk for people. Infection is especially dangerous and sometimes fatal for developing fetuses and individuals whose immune systems are compromised. The good news is that prevention is fairly simple. Pregnant women and people with suppressed immune systems should heed the following recommendations (the first six apply to all pregnant women, not just those with cats):

– Do not eat raw or undercooked (rare) meat. Cook all meat to an internal temperature of at least 158°F (69°C) for at least fifteen minutes.

– Avoid eating unpasteurized dairy products.

– Wash raw vegetables thoroughly before consumption to cleanse them of any possibly contaminated soil.

– Wash hands thoroughly in soap and water after handling raw meat, raw vegetables, or unpasteurized dairy products.

– Avoid contact with soil in which cats may have defecated. Wear rubber gloves when gardening, and wash your hands thoroughly afterward.

– Avoid handling free-roaming cats or any that show signs of illness.

– Protect your cats from infection by keeping them indoors, and do not feed them raw meat or unpasteurized dairy products.

– Change your cat’s litter every day; it takes at least a day for any organisms passed in the stool to become capable of causing infection, so by changing the litter daily you dramatically reduce the chance of infection. For additional security, wear rubber gloves or have someone else change the litter.

If you are contemplating becoming pregnant, have your blood tested to determine whether you have toxoplasma antibodies (these would have formed as a result of prior exposure to the parasite). If you have antibodies and are accidentally exposed to the parasite during pregnancy, the likelihood of transmission to the baby in your womb is dramatically reduced.

If you don’t have antibodies, then you should be especially cautious to avoid exposure, as you and your developing baby are more susceptible to infection. Cats that will be living in households with pregnant women should also be tested for the presence of toxoplasma antibodies. A positive-testing cat is probably immune to infection. A negative-testing cat is susceptible to infection, and if exposed might shed the organism in the feces for a week or two afterward. In either case, be sure to reduce your cats’ chance of exposure by following the list of recommendations on the left.

Go to Cat illnesses

16.07.2008

Internal Feline Parasites

Author: breeder

Internal Feline Parasites

A parasite is an organism that lives and feeds within or upon another organism or host at the host’s expense, sometimes causing disease or even death.

Internal feline parasites afflicting cats may be one-celled organisms called protozoa or multiple¬ celled wormlike creatures. Because many internal parasites spend a portion of their life cycles within the cat’s digestive tract, they are discussed here along with other digestive problems that afflict cats. However, the disease they cause may affect other parts of the body as well.

Roundworms are a common problem in cats; in fact, most cats are infected with roundworms at some point in their lives, usually as kittens. The adult worms that reside in the small intestine usually do not cause many problems for the cat, but if the concentration is large, especially in kittens, vomiting or diarrhea, and a scrawny, potbellied appearance can result. Roundworms, which resemble three¬ to four-inch-long pieces of spaghetti, are sometimes visible in a cat’s vomit or stool.

Cats can be infected by ingesting roundworm eggs that have been shed in the feces of an infected cat (the eggs can last for years); by eating a rodent carrying the parasite; or, most commonly, by ingesting milk from an infected mother. Diagnosis and treatment are simple; many safe, effective, and inexpensive oral medications are available.

A word of caution to cat owners with young children: By ingesting roundworm eggs, humans can acquire a condition called visceral larva migrans, which sometimes leads to muscle or joint pain, abdominal pain, coughing, skin rashes, or seizures; if the larvae reach the eye, vision may be impaired. Keep toddlers away from the litter box, and prevent children from playing outside in soil that may be contaminated with dog or cat feces. Timely and routine treatment of all kittens and new cats with medications that kill roundworms is a crucial preventative measure.

Hookworms enter their host in the larval stage through the mouth-in contaminated feces or in the milk of an infected mother-or by penetrating the skin. Some infected cats develop diarrhea, but the major problem caused by this intestinal parasite is anemia. Adult worms residing in the intestine survive by sucking blood from their host, and if there are enough worms, there can be significant blood loss; kittens tend to be most severely affected. Your veterinarian can easily diagnose and treat hookworm infections with orally administered medications.

Hookworm larvae can tunnel through human skin and cause a condition called cutaneous larva migrans, which causes extreme itchiness. Avoid close contact with soil or litter contaminated by the feces of hookworm-infected cats.

Tapeworms are segmented worms that commonly afflict cats but rarely cause them problems. Owners, however, may be quite alarmed by the sight of the rice-size tapeworm segments crawling near their cat’s rear end. Dried segments that look much like large sesame seeds can be seen clinging to the fur around the anus. Cats are infected by ingesting a flea or rodent carrying the immature stage of the parasite. Treatment is simply and effectively carried out by administering medication either by injection or by mouth, but unless owners control fleas and prevent their cats from hunting, reinfection will occur.

Coccidia are single-celled parasites that commonly afflict kittens and young cats through contact with infected feces. Most of the time the infection causes no particular health problems, although di¬arrhea can occasionally result. Treatment with oral medication is usually simple and straightforward.

Giardia are another group of protozoan parasites spread by the ingestion of contaminated water or feces. Infection may cause diarrhea, or it may cause no disease at all. Simultaneous treatment of all cats in the household with oral medication is usually necessary to eliminate the infection, and treatment must sometimes be repeated several times. Litter boxes should be changed and disinfected more frequently. It is not certain whether giardia infections can be transmitted from cats to humans. People who are living with or treating infected cats should wash their hands thoroughly after handling the cat or the litter box.

Go to Cat illnesses

16.07.2008

Cat Skin Diseases

Author: breeder

Cat Skin Diseases

List of cat skin diseases

There are just a few ways to recognize that feline has skin diseases: by getting red and/or itchy, by developing scabby bumps, by losing hair, and by flaking.

In some severe skin disorders, lumps or open sores may develop. Because the repertoire of signs is so limited, different skin diseases often look exactly the same. On the other hand, the same disease may manifest itself completely differently from cat to cat.

This situation presents a diagnostic challenge. Only rarely can veterinarians ascertain the cause of a skin condition by just looking at the cat; diagnostic tests are almost always necessary.

Cat bite infections are probably the most common form of feline bacterial disease. An infected cat bite often forms an abscess, a collection of pus and dead tissue. Fortunately, veterinary treatment of these painful and destructive infections is fairly simple if begun promptly.

Surgically draining the abscess and starting the cat on appropriate antimicrobial medication usually eliminates the infection. You can prevent your cat from getting these infections by keeping her indoors.

Atopy, also called allergic inhalant dermatitis, is caused by an allergic reaction to inhaled particles: pollens, house dust, and mold spores, to name a few. In most cats the mainstays of therapy are avoidance of the allergen when possible, anti-inflammatory medication, antihistamines, and/or medications that contain special fatty acids.

Itchiness is one of the main signs of atopic skin disease, but owners may not realize that their cats are grooming or scratching excessively. Sometimes bald spots are the only sign. Remember that the signs of atopy can resemble those of flea-bite hypersensitivity, which can be confused with those of a food allergy, and so on.

Cat skin problems because of food allergies usually develop in response to foods the cat has been consuming for a while, not to something new. A typical sign is itchiness, particularly of the

facial area, the feet, and the ears, but symptoms vary. The only way to diagnose a food allergy is to feed the cat completely different food for approximately six to eight weeks.

A homemade diet using only ingredients that the cat has never eaten is usually best. The best way to manage a diagnosed food allergy is, of course, to avoid feeding your cat the foods in question.

Cat Skin Diseases – Ringworm (dermatophytosis) is a contagious fungal skin disease most often caused by the fungus Microsporum canis. It often appears as expanding circular, red, flaky, bald patches, but some infected cats have little or no skin condition at all, so diagnosis rarely can be made simply by looking at the skin.

Cats are infected by fungal spores directly from an infected cat or from spores persisting in the environment. In a multicat household, it’s a good bet that if one cat is infected, most of the others are as well. Ringworm spores are extremely hardy and resistant to disinfection; indeed, any spores in the environment retain the capacity to cause infection for well over a year.

As if this were not bad enough, Microsporum canis can cause skin disease in people too; it is not uncommon for owners to become infected from their cats.

A vaccine for Microsporum canis is available commercially, but it is not widely used. While it shows some ability to prevent or cure the skin condition in some cats, it does not prevent or eliminate infection itself.

Elimination of infection from a household of cats is very time consuming, labor intensive, and expensive. Treatment-antifungal dips or baths, oral medication, and topical antifungal medications applied to the skin lesions-may have to be given for several months or more, and the environment must be cleaned thoroughly and treated periodically with antifungal disinfectants (such as household bleach) to kill lingering spores. Prevention is the key; take any new cat for a veterinary exam before introducing her to your household.

Go to Cat Illnesses

Cat Skeleton and skeletal problems in cats

Aside from disorders caused by injury, diseases of the bones, joints, and muscles of cats are fairly uncommon. Dogs are more prone to such diseases, partly because some of the most severe canine joint problems are hereditary, and selective breeding is much more common with dogs than with cats.

Also, the physical size and structure of the domestic cat is fairly uniform and not too unlike that of its closest, wild relatives, so unusual stresses and strains are not placed on structures illequipped to handle them. The signs of musculoskeletal disease can be obvious, such as swelling or lameness, but they can also be quite subtle.

Elderly cats with degenerative arthritis may simply become less active or use the litter box less faithfully because of difficulty getting to the box or climbing in.

 Cat skeleton
Click on the picture to see bigger size

Hip dysplasia begins as an abnormal looseness of the hip joint and may ultimately lead to severe and painful arthritis. Most cats with hip dysplasia experience no problems, but a few may intermittently become stiff or lame and may be reluctant to jump. Medication can help reduce inflammation, while surgery can bring relief for cats that seem to be in great pain. Overweight cats often benefit from losing weight.

Arthritis in cats often affects the elbow joint, though it can afflict many joints, and usually strikes older cats as their joints degenerate with age. Overall stiffness, lameness in one or more limbs, reluctance to move, lethargy, and impaired litter box habits are all signs of arthritis.

Treatment involves weight reduction, if necessary, and anti-inflammatory medication. Various pain medications may be helpful if used judiciously, but owners should not treat their cats with human medications. Acetaminophen and many other drugs for humans are very poisonous to cats. Your veterinarian will tell you which medications are safe and effective.

Cat Skeleton and Patellar luxation

Patellar luxation, dislocation of the kneecap, is sometimes associated with hip dysplasia but sometimes occurs by itself in the Abyssinian, the Devon Rex, and the Chartreux. Patellar luxation is a rather uncommon hereditary condition in the general domestic cat population, but it is becoming more prevalent in purebred cats. Surgery may help alleviate the discomfort associated with patellar luxation and may also reduce the cat’s likelihood of developing arthritis in the affected limb.

Go to Cat illnesses

Go to Feline anatomy

16.07.2008

Cat Eye Problem

Author: breeder

Cat Eye Problem

How to catch cat eye problem? Signs of feline eye disease include squinting, pawing or rubbing of the eye, redness of the tissue lining the eyelid,

excessive tearing, unequal pupil sizes, a visible third eyelid (a white membrane that fans out of the inner corner of the eye), cloudiness or color change in the eye and blindness.


cat conjuctivitis

Cat eye problems

cat conjuctivitis Conjuctivitis simply means inflammation of the conjuctiva, the delicate membrane which covers and protects eye. In the cat the main cause is pollen or dust getting into the eyes. The pollen or dust produces an irritation which allows bacteria to start to multiply.
cat conjunctivitis foreign body Sometimes the trigger cause is a foreign body, grass seed or oat husk on the eye surface or lodged underneath the nictitating membrane (the third eyelid). The respiratory virus of cat flu and an organism called Chlamydia also attack the conjuctiva and may cause a chronic conjunctivitis. Symptoms are tears run down the cheek from the affected eye and in a day or two, if untreated, the eye will partially or completely close and mucus or yellow pus will form in the corner of the eye and along the lid.
cat ear mites antibiotic dressing Keratitis means inflammation of the cornea (see eye anatomy picture) the tough membrane which covers the central surface of the eye. It may cause by direct injury or may flare up secondary to a bacterial conjunctivitis. The cat blinks rapidly or keeps the eye tightly closed. There is a watery discharge quickly developing into a mucus or pus. The blood vessels of the sclera (the white of the eye) become congested.

Squint

This occurs when the cat’s eyeballs move independently of each other. Squinting need not necessarily impede the vision. Usually it causes a hereditary weakness, especially in the Siamese breed.

glaucoma in cat Glaucoma is a distension of the eyeball de to an excessive accumulation of fluid within the eye. One or both eyes may be affected. The cornea of the eye is nourished by fluid called lymph. Glaucoma may be caused by an excessive supply of lymph, but more usually it is brought about by an interference with the lymph drainage.
cat entropion Entropion occurs when the eyelid become inverted. The condition is nothing like as common in cats as it is in dogs. The inverted lid rubs over the surface of the eye producing a traumatic conjunctivitis, keratitis or other.
cat cataract Cataract this is an opacity or clouding over of the crystalline lens of the eye. It is uncommon in the cat, though it can occur congenitally. Chiefly old age though any condition that interferes with the nutrition of the lens can cause it such as direct injury to the eye or pressure from glaucoma or tumors.
cat haw Haw this is the name given to the condition where the third eyelid or membrane nictitans comes partially over the eye. This cat eye problem is usually an indication that cat is out of sort and requires vet attention.

Go to other Cat illnesses

16.07.2008

Cat Ear Mites Pictures

Author: breeder

Cat Ear Mites Pictures

Cat ear mites are very common result after inflammations of cat ear’s canal.

Following pictures are very nasty for feline owners and their only purpose is to show you possible cat illnesses, how they look and to reminder you that your cat needs you and you have to take care for her.


cat otitis Otitis means inflammation of the lining membrane of the ear and the part most commonly affected is the external portion or what we call Otitis externa. Causes are because of ear mites’ infestation, bacteria or foreign bodies.
cat ear mites auroscope Symptoms are shaking the head and persistent scratching. Treatment: You veterinary will diagnose the cause by using an auroscope
cat ear mites antibiotic dressing and will apply correct therapy. Usually this is deep ear cleaning and putting drops in ears several times a day.

Middle and inner ear infections

They are cause of extension of infection of external ear.

symptom middle and inner ear infection in cat The cat suffers considerable pain and is usually off food. There is staggering gait and the head may be rotated or held to one side or consistently turns one direction.
cat cleaning ear Cleaning ears
One very important point – the lining of the ear is delicate and sensitive and owner should not attempt to clean it out with cotton wool or other probes. The cleaning of ears should always be left to the skilled hands.

Haematoma

An aural haematoma is pronounced swelling of the external ear flap. The swelling contains blood. Persistent scratching or head shaking, due to untreated otitis, causes numerous small blood vessels between the flap and the skin to rupture. Treatment of haematoma usually requires surgery and you definitely has to leave this to your vet.

Deafness

Deafness in an young cat is usually associated with white fur color and is thought to be hereditary. Deafness in old age is caused by senile ossification within the middle ear.

Go to Cat illnesses